Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (2023)

Published in27. May 2018 1. June 2018 von Sean Arnold em educational philosophy,Multimodal,personalized learning

So let's start with the basic premise that there is no such thing as a perfect lesson plan or format. This is simply because there are a variety of different needs in terms of subjects, ages and skill levels. The best lessons are tailored to the needs of their students, so some simple lessons can be myopic. In fact, many of the best moments/lessons I've had in the classroom started with me giving students enough space and freedom to create independently and discuss information freely. However, this does not start with chaos and a strong structure built on strong teaching ideas needs to be in place for this to be successful. And while I'm glad the New York City government can't force teachers to use a specific template, there are certain elements that should be part of every teacher's lesson. So here are the ones I found most important.Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (1)

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Many of the elements of a great lesson plan are naturally interrelated and fundamental to its sequencing. Other parts are modifications you can make to improve the effectiveness of a lesson. Some people include a script in their classes, but I don't like that as it can sound unnatural and lock the teacher into a structure that may not suit their students. There are many ways to structure the lessons, which is good as there are many different ways for students to learn something. I've tried correlating names/concepts to know if you followModell 5E, Direct Instruction, Mastery Learning Facilitative Teaching, Cooperative Learning, or something else entirely, you should be able to customize this to suit your needs.

  1. Aims/goals:Just like that ofIEPS-Student, the goals of the lesson plan should be S.M.A.R.T. (specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time bound/tailored). Your goals should be clearly defined so that students understand what is expected of them. What should the students learn from the lesson? How is success? Focus on specific behavior the student will demonstrate and the level of quality required. Use active words like explain, summarize, measure, or remember instead of vague words like study or learn. Also, try to get students with higher-order creative skills into Bloom's taxonomy by having them design, compose, or build something. It might be like how students can identify six characteristics of a mineral, but a higher-order skill might be composing a personal narrative.
  2. Aligned Patterns:Eithercommon core,Next Generation,SOUGHT, or all of the above and more, standards are a crucial way to keep students learning as consistently as possible in the classroom. It is important to note everyoneStandardsbe supervised by the class. Most schools now require a standard binding for each lesson. Even if your school doesn't require you to write down what standards you meet, it's a good idea to familiarize yourself with state and national standards. You will be surprised how manyStandardsYou meet in every class. You can also examine how a lesson fits into the scope and sequencing of learning throughout the year.
  3. Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (2)Reviews:Ultimately, assessments are a way for you to learn about your students' strengths and weaknesses academically and personally. For this reason there should be an assessment before each lesson to see what you need to teach and after to see how efficiently you have learned it. This can be done through surveys, worksheets, quizzes, writing, discussions, presentations, games, or hands-on activities and challenges. I find formative assessments to be more effective than summative during learning because they can give you an ongoing picture of how your students are performing. Data resulting from your assessments should inform your ongoing teaching. Assessments should be linked to lesson goals. For more information, see10 keys to effective reviews.
  4. Forward Looking Set (Engage):This is your hook on setting the stage to attract students. Some call this anticipation as it sets the tone for the lesson. It can even be linked to your pre-evaluation as you determine what students know. This can be done in a variety of ways with videos, strange images, interesting objects, or an interesting question. You might ask, "Have you ever wanted to travel to another planet?" or you might be given a piece of a meteorite for the students to hold. Whichever method you use, you should draw on the student's prior knowledge and encourage questions. What do you know about our planet? How could what we travel to be any different? Establish life contexts and show the meaning and purpose of the lesson. They frame the lesson in the context of previous lessons and the nature of their lives.
  5. Template (Explore):You keep the students engaged with the concept/lesson, but now give them some time to develop their own ideas through exploration. This is where you start to really facilitate learning by discovering and demonstrating new skills, exploring key concepts and starting to investigate. You can ask research-oriented questions while students share their ideas and make predictions. You and/or students can record any of your ideas.
  6. Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (3)Direct Lessons (Whole Group/Explain):They are now beginning to communicate new insights. They can provide explanations, justifications, new vocabulary and definitions. You can use props, have discussions or watch videos. The problem with direct teaching is not that it is inherently bad/restrictive, but that many teachers spend their entire class/lesson doing it. As a general rule of thumb, limit it to 15 minutes (5-10 is better). You have to show instead of telling. Remember, just because you tell students something doesn't mean they're learning. Visual tools can help with understanding, so try to make it multimodal and include any material to motivate students and improve information retention. Here you are8 visual toolshelp.
  7. Guided Practice (expanding/elaborating):The students should now guide each other. and apply what you have learned to a new situation. Having learned about one animal, they are now learning to classify several or even create their own. Many teachers use this time to fill out the worksheet or write on the poster. Some are considering guided practice for homework, although there will be little guidance unless you have the tools and technology to provide reverse instruction. There are a number of other options where students can use this time to start creating drawings, diagrams, small models, or researching and writing together in a Google Doc. If necessary, place struggling students in a separate group for further guidance.
  8. Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (4)Independent practice (evaluating):Your primary goal should always be to help students achieve assignments and learning goals on their own. This does not mean that you cannot provide assistance, but it does confirm that you were not fully prepared for this step. You may have to adapt and install the instructionsframeworkto help students achieve their independence. Again, some teachers see this as the homework step. It doesn't have to be special if you're unsure of your independence. It doesn't mean it's lonely either. Independent practice can be a collaborative experience (regardless of the help of the teacher rather than classmates) where students complete asurvey project.
  9. Conclusion and follow-up:Very few lessons end up being wrapped up nicely when you say I've accomplished everything I set out to do. When this happens, it probably means you've decided to underdo. The least you should do is review what they should have learned, make connections to future lessons, and see how well you've met the learning objectives. Independent practice can give rise to formal peer and teacher assessments, which can take place as you assess students' knowledge. I explained how to do this in the Reviews section. Ultimately, you want to be clear about how far you've come and where you still want to go.
  10. Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (5)Materials and equipment:Here you can remember and share with other teachers what you need for this lesson. This can be books, cardboard, transparencies and pens or digital resources such as laptops, websites and apps. It could also mean you have to find an alternative if you find the digital model is in oneFlash based death spiral. It's the space where you need to make sure you have everything that isn't usually available in your classroom. It's like a cheat sheet and checklist to prepare for class.

While there are phases and phases that a lesson goes through, there are additional elements that great teachers always incorporate into their lessons.

  1. Student choice:One of the best ways to make lessons engaging and meaningful is to give students options. give them a say in planning and how they want to demonstrate mastery of a topic, especially during the stand-alone practice portion. This may mean that some students make films, create presentations, or stage a play, while others write essays, create projects, or create a website. You can decide which level is sufficient, but give them the opportunity to feel empowered with personalized instruction.
  2. Multicurriculares:The world and careers of the future are not neatly compartmentalized, so why are we doing this in a classroom? While the focus on a skill and our goals is important, there's no reason why a novel can't have scientific or historical implications, or why math can't be artistic. We must always strive to develop our teachinginterdisciplinary skills(see 21st Century Skills below).
  3. 21st Century Skills:Without going too deep into this element, 21st century learning skills are now just essential life skills for modern learners. We need to teach our students the 7Cs directly so they can communicate, collaborate, be creative, and think critically in whatever field of study they pursue. This includes the integration of technology. Whatever the impact, computers have become a critical part of our society and it doesn't seem to be diminishing. Therefore, we must teach our students to use it properly and for the common good. it can meandigital civicsor it may simply involve the use of a collaboration or accessibility tool.
  4. Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (6)Practical guide:Whether it is part of student selection or an entire class exercise,practical learningIt's a more effective way to get students to retain information. It doesn't have to be a big undertaking either. In math, it can be easy to use manipulators or skittles to trace favorite colors. In literacy, you can have students use icons and character images to depict a story on an interactive display.
  5. Multimodal:If you present information only once and in only one format, it is almost certain that many students will not understand it. Therefore, in addition to direct lectures, you should also use visual aids alongside practical learning tasks.
  6. Multiple tasks:Never stay in one part of a class for too long, especially with younger students. It is an unrealistic expectation to think that a 7 year old (or even a 37 year old) can sit and work for 6 hours. Because of this, a good lesson should go through each step without spending too much time concentrating on any particular one (especially direct instructions). By doing this, you can also create opportunities in your class to find out what students are doing and where they might need help.
  7. Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (7)differentiation:Differentiation should not only take place in special education. All students learn in different ways and at different speeds. You need to incorporate these tweaks into your lesson plan structure. while there isArguments about the value of differentiation, most of it stems from a misunderstanding of what it actually means. The learning styles of the students determine the structure of the lessons. It means trusting the students to follow their learning path and although it initially requires more work on the part of the teacher, it ultimately allows the teacher more freedom due to greater student autonomy. Sometimes the best way to determine how you can differentiate yourself in the future is to see where your current plan has failed and make adjustments to fill those learning gaps. Make your class accessible to all your students.
  8. Development:For a lesson to remain valid, it must not stagnate. Even if you teach history, we regularly learn new information and new techniques for integration. Also, the needs of your students will change and your classes will need to change with them. So the class that was perfect today had to be adjusted a bit next year. For example, I found that I can now add the updateApplication Google Arts and Cultureas a tool in the example personal storytelling lesson below.

Here are some sample lessons/units I put together for my STEM classroom. I'm showing the home page, but you get to the full multipageClassification sessionepersonal storytelling lessonsto see how I structured them. That doesn't mean you have to do it the same way. Your teaching needs may vary greatly, but this should give you an idea of ​​how I incorporate the elements listed above into practice.

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There are several places where you can find additional sample lesson plans. Many educational technology companies, such asBrainPOP,Flocabulario, zdiscovery pedagogyhave sample classes that use their tools. You can also check out the lessons below, but I suggest you adapt to your needs and use the elements above.

Creating the perfect lesson plan: 10 steps and 8 essential elements - dare to try (10)

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published bySean Arnold

I'm a New York District 75 special education teacher and STEM coach.See all posts by Sean Arnold


What are the 10 components of a lesson plan? ›

The daily lesson plan includes the following components:
  • Lesson Information. ...
  • Lesson Topic. ...
  • Benchmarks and Performance Standards. ...
  • Intended learning outcomes. ...
  • Instructional Resources. ...
  • Arrangement of the Environment. ...
  • Instructional Activities.

What are the 8 steps of a lesson plan? ›

Often, there are multiple steps to a strong lesson plan. This eight step lesson plan template includes: objective, motivation, materials, guided practice, independent practice, essential questions, evaluation and homework.

What are the elements that make a good lesson plan? ›

The elements of the lesson plan are: assessment, duration, objectives, activities, strategies and learning outcomes (Burgul Adiguzel, 2021).

What are the 8 components of the teaching learning process? ›

The components are: (1) Educational Planning, (2) Educational Administration, (3) Educational Organisation, (4) Educational Direction, (5) Educational Co-ordination, (6) Educational Supervision, (7) Educational Controlling, and (8) Educational Evaluation.

How to create lesson plan? ›

(1) Determine the objective (2) Research the topic as defined by the objective (3) Select the appropriate instructional method (4) Identify a usable lesson planning format (5) Decide how to organize the lesson (6) Choose appropriate support material (7) Prepare the beginning and ending of the lesson (8) Prepare a final ...

What are the 7 step lesson plans? ›

The Madeline Hunter "seven step lesson plan." The basic lesson plan outline given above contains the so-called "Hunter direct instructio·n lesson plan elements:" 1) objectives; 2) standards·, 3) anticipatory set, 4) teaching [input, modeling, and check for understanding], 5) guided practice, 6) closure, and 7) ...

How to write a lesson plan example? ›

Steps to building your lesson plan
  1. Identify the objectives. ...
  2. Determine the needs of your students. ...
  3. Plan your resources and materials. ...
  4. Engage your students. ...
  5. Instruct and present information. ...
  6. Allow time for student practice. ...
  7. Ending the lesson. ...
  8. Evaluate the lesson.
Oct 30, 2019

What are the 7 C's lesson plan? ›

The 7Cs are: Critical thinking, Creativity, Collaboration, Communication, information, and media literacy, Computing and ICT literacy, Cross-cultural understanding, and Career and learning self-reliance.

What are the 5 major parts of lesson plan? ›

A well-planned lesson includes the lesson topic, class objectives, procedure, time management, and student practice.

What are the 5 major components of a lesson plan in order? ›

A good lesson plan should include the following 5 components; lesson topic, class objectives, procedure, time management, and student practice.

What are the 5 important factors to consider when planning a lesson? ›

Let's have a look at some of the things that could be included in a well-prepared lesson plan in a bit more detail below;
  • Learner objectives. ...
  • Personal aims. ...
  • Language Point. ...
  • Teaching Aids. ...
  • Anticipated problems. ...
  • The procedure, Phase, and Timing. ...
  • Interaction. ...
  • Class level, number of students.
May 6, 2019

What are the 8 M's of teaching importance? ›

The milieu, matter, mastery, method, material, media, motivation, and measurement of learning are prerequisites in building an educational framework that is all-encompassing and all-embracing. They can never be set aside since we are aiming for a wholistic approach to education.

What are the 3 most essential elements in the teaching learning process? ›

Effective teaching involves aligning the three major components of instruction: learning objectives, assessments, and instructional activities. Taking the time to do this upfront saves time in the end and leads to a better course.

What is a basic lesson plan format? ›

A basic lesson plan template includes three key elements: beginning (introducing the targeted objective), middle (presenting the main activities), and end (closing the lesson). The K.I.S.S template is one of the simple lesson plan templates that teachers really love.

How many steps are there in lesson plan? ›

According to Herbart, there are eight lesson plan phases that are designed to provide "many opportunities for teachers to recognize and correct students' misconceptions while extending understanding for future lessons."

What is the format of detailed lesson plan? ›

A detailed lesson plan (DLP) is exactly that, a detailed description of the exact steps to teach a specific topic. A DLP includes five parts of thorough explanation on, lesson topic, class objectives, procedure, time management and student practice.

What are the 4 A's of a lesson plan? ›

Choose a topic that you want the children in your class to learn and apply the 4-A's of activating prior knowledge, acquiring new knowledge, applying the knowledge, and assessing the knowledge.

What is the 7E model of lesson planning? ›

The 7E learning cycle model is a model that can guide students to actively acquire new knowledge with 7E (elicit, engage, explore, explain, elaborate, evaluate, and extend). Teaching materials using 7E learning cycle can help students understand the problems and phenomena they encounter in the environment.

What are the 6 important components of lesson plan? ›

6 components of a lesson plan
  • Objective. A lesson objective can be one of the most important components of a lesson plan. ...
  • Materials. If you prepare the materials ahead of the lesson, you may have more time to focus on teaching. ...
  • Background knowledge. ...
  • Direct instruction. ...
  • Guided teaching. ...
  • Closure and assessment.
Jun 24, 2022

What is daily lesson plan format? ›

What is a Daily Lesson Plan Template? Lesson plans are detailed outlines of instruction that educators create daily. Daily lesson plans are typically used as a step-by-step guide to assist teachers in teaching whatever they are teaching in their classrooms.

What are the 5 C in lesson plan? ›

Five C's for teaching. Use connectedness, conversation, curiosity, consideration, and community and culture to create a successful learning environment.

What are the 4 C's in lesson planning? ›

The 4Cs: Creativity, Critical Thinking, Communication and Collaboration in Schools.

What are the seven 7 parts of a lesson plan? ›

The basic lesson plan outline given below contains the direct instruction element: 1) objectives, 2) standards, 3) anticipatory set, 4) teaching [input, modeling, and check for understanding], 5) guided practice, 6) closure, and 7) independent practice.

What are the 5 most important things that a successful lesson has? ›

The 5 key ingredients of a great lesson plan
  • Follow-up / recap.
  • Objective setting.
  • Introduce the new concepts.
  • Practice by doing.
  • Wrap-up.
Mar 24, 2022

What are the 8 M methods? ›

(1) Machine (technology); (2) Method (process); (3) Material (includes raw materials, consumables, and information. ); (4) Man Power (physical work)/ Mind Power (brain work): Kaizens, Suggestions; (5) Measurement (Inspection); (6) Milieu/Mother Nature (Environment).

What are the 8 skills of micro-teaching? ›

What Are The Skills In Micro-Teaching?
  • The skill of introduction.
  • The skill of explaining.
  • The skill of questioning.
  • The skill of stimulus variation.
  • The skill of reinforcement.
  • The skill of illustration.
  • The skill of blackboard writing.
  • The skill of achieving closure.
Dec 30, 2021

What are the 8 Ms of management? ›

The internal effective 8 Ms are: management, material, machine, manpower, method, money, measurement, minutes; the external 2 Ms are: market and ministry. If Lean culture is realized and people achieve Lean thinking, then the problems are made visible and are understood before considering the solutions.

What is the most important element in the teaching and learning process? ›

The most important component of the teaching-learning process is Learner as all the activities and the whole process is centered and planned around him. Learning-centered education focuses on the learning process.

What is the most important elements in the learning process is? ›

These elements are: differentiation, adaptivity, student engagement, direct instruction, practice, formative assessment with immediate feedback and student explanation of learning.

What are the 5 major parts of a lesson plan? ›

A well-planned lesson includes the lesson topic, class objectives, procedure, time management, and student practice.

What are the 5 main parts of a detailed lesson plan? ›

A DLP includes five parts of thorough explanation on, lesson topic, class objectives, procedure, time management and student practice.

What are the 5 C's lesson plan? ›

Five C's for teaching. Use connectedness, conversation, curiosity, consideration, and community and culture to create a successful learning environment.

What are the ABCD components of lesson plan? ›

Learning Outcome Statements can be written using the ABCD (audience, behavior, condition, and degree) method. While the method is often directed at learning objectives, it can also be used to write learning outcomes.

What is the format of a lesson plan? ›

A general format of a lesson plan can be like this: Lesson activities. Lesson materials. Lesson objectives.


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